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If you are a person who is blind or have a visual impairment, learn tips and find tools to help you complete basic tasks in the workplace and home without vision or with limited vision.
Learn to use a long white cane and your remaining senses to travel independently without assistance. When used properly, the white cane gives you the ability and freedom to travel whenever or wherever you wish to go.
Receive assistance from a service animal, a dog guide specially trained or equipped to help a person with a disability. See Tips & Tools – About Service Animals for more information.
One way to travel is through the use of a person who can guide you where you want to go:
Tell the time using:
You can check the time without disturbing the people around you by using a tactile watch. Tactile watches are also beneficial if you have a hearing impairment.
Use the telephone by memorizing the order of numbered keys on a standard telephone and:
This is the order of numbers on a standard keypad:
When selecting a phone, it may be helpful to choose one with large buttons and numbers.
If you cannot read a telephone book, contact your local phone company to apply for free directory assistance service.
Read and write using Braille, a touch-based writing method that uses raised dots to represent letters, punctuation and other symbols used in print. To write in Braille, use a slate and stylus, a Braille writer, or a computer that Brailles with a Braille embosser.
The Hadley Institute for the Blind and Visually Impaired offers correspondence courses in Braille for beginners and for experienced Braille users, as well as for your families.
Write with a computer, using touch and memory to type on the keyboard:
Write in large print using a heavy black marker and legal-sized or bold-lined paper.
Take notes with a tape recorder and play the recording back when needed.
Organize and identify items such as groceries and office supplies by using:
Organize and identify clothing items and colors using:
Set appliances such as thermostats, ovens and stoves by marking your preferred dial settings using:
Quarters and dimes are the only coins with ridged, rather than smooth, edges. The quarter is larger than the dime.
Nickels and pennies are the only coins with smooth, rather than ridged, edges. The nickel is larger and heavier than the penny.
Identify denominations of paper money by separating each value into individual compartments, or by folding them differently:
Ask your bank teller or cashier to tell you the denomination of paper money as it is handed to you.